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中央发文!严治家长作业、校园有害APP等乱象

2019-07-16 点击:1131
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Guangming.com reporter Li Zhengyu

Recently,《关于深化教育教学改革全面提高义务教育质量的意见》(hereinafter referred to as《意见》) issued by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council has received much attention. At the press conference held by the State Council Information Office on the 9th, Vice Minister of Education Zheng Fuzhi said that《意见》is a programmatic document for deepening the reform of education and teaching and comprehensively improving the quality of compulsory education in the new era.

How to rectify harmful APP into the campus chaos? How to promote student burden reduction? What measures will be taken to strengthen the construction of rural teachers? At the press conference, the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Education made a one-on-one response.

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(Image from Guoxin.com)

Focus 1: The involvement of the Yellow-related violent app into the campus is concerned

The《意见》proposed to establish a review and supervision mechanism for digital resources into the campus. Lv Yugang, director of the Department of Basic Education of the Ministry of Education, said that with the rapid development of "Internet +" education, it has adapted to the needs of teaching and learning in schools, and a large number of digital educational resources have entered the school. At the same time, due to lack of supervision, some bad and harmful The APP also enters the campus, including apps for pornography, violence, and business activities.

In order to prohibit harmful APP from entering the campus, Lv Yugang introduced that the General Office of the Ministry of Education issued《关于严禁有害APP进入中小学校园的通知》last year to establish a double censorship system. Whoever uses the review and who is responsible for it, first of all, the school must take the good review, and then the county-level education authorities record After review, the review can only be used to enter the campus.

"To further improve the relevant systems, we are developing《关于引导教育移动互联网应用健康发展的意见》, actively explore the establishment of digital teaching resources into the campus long-term management mechanism, and effectively regulate the digital teaching resources of each school segment." Lu Yugang said.

Focus 2: Increase the proportion of public compulsory education schools

xx鉴于目前部分地区公立义务教育学校比例偏低,教育部发展计划部主任刘长亚表示,《意见》发布后,将进一步加强以下几个方面:加强规划和领导,地方应从当地实际出发,科学做好教育发展规划,加强总体规划,合理布局,优化资源配置,确保公共义务教育的主体不可动摇。

“加强评估和监督。”对此,刘昌亚说,国家制定了县级义务教育质量评价标准,全面提高了义务教育质量,纳入干部考核监督范围,教育督导的重要组成部分。

刘长亚还提到要加强问责制。关于办学方向,教育投资和学校建设,存在严重的问题和不承担主要责任的地方。依法调查地方政府和主要领导职责。

重点3:加强农村教师资源配置

记者了解到,《意见》的许多内容描述与农村教师密切相关,如培训机会,宿舍建设和交通补贴等。吕玉刚说,要通过改革和培训体系,提高教师的教学和教学能力,强调新时期的教师素质要求和国家课程标准,从源头上提高教师素质。

吕玉刚还提到,要完善管理体制,优化教师资源配置,使配置更加科学,平衡。例如,增加城乡教师之间的双向交流和定期轮换。在交流过程中,更加重视农村流动,选择优秀教师在农村教学,支持学校建设和发展。

在改善教师待遇方面,吕玉刚建议,必须建立义务教育教师工资联动增长机制,确保义务教育教师的平均工资收入不低于当地公务员的平均工资水平。进一步完善验证工资总绩效的方法,增加绩效工资金额主要用于薪酬绩效工资分配,发挥绩效工资的奖励功能和绩效功能,倾向于教学中突出的教师和教学表现;教师待遇保障机制应倾向于艰苦的偏远地区和农村教师。

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(图片来自网络)

重点4:如何防止学生因学术研究而负担过重

减轻负担的问题一直受到各界的关注。家长们普遍表示,负担“越来越多”,越来越多的课外培训班。这次《意见》再次提到,“坚决防止学生因学历过重负担。”郑富之承认,为了儿童的长期发展和身心健康,必须减轻过重的负担。去年,该公司推出了“减少30篇文章”。在此基础上,《意见》进一步提出减轻负担。

“有必要澄清减轻负担的想法。两句话:第一,全面政策;第二,减少制度。”郑富志说,通过提高质量,减轻负担,应该努力提高学校教学质量,基本策略是提高课堂效率。

郑富智还提到,通过优化课程,必须严格遵循课程标准,不可能增加教学难度,也不可能超越进步。通过规范校外培训,校外培训机构的管理已进入第二阶段,下一步是深化校外培训。机构特别治理,特别是加强对违法行为的处罚;通过科学评估减轻负担,完善义务教育质量评价标准体系,纠正片面实践只测试分数,只有高等教育率,解决“接力棒”问题。

"It is necessary to reduce the burden through social coordination. The burden reduction is not only a matter of school and off-campus training institutions, but also has a very large family role. Through the co-education of homeschools, schools and families can work together to reduce the burden, and form a synergy." Zheng Fuzhi said.

Focus 5: How to deal with the phenomenon of “parent work”

In response to the "parental homework" phenomenon, Zheng Fuzhi believes that this kind of assignment to parents must be resolutely managed. First of all, to return to the purpose and function of leaving homework for students, homework should be done by the students, not to the parents; to solve the problem of orientation, can not send a wrong signal, leaving the student’s homework for the parents, this Not the original intention of education.

In response to the next step, Zheng Fuzhi said that the central government has regulations that must be strictly enforced. This is not a general call and requirement, and it is "resolutely unable to stay." "If any school or teacher violates the regulations, it must be strictly investigated. In addition, homework is not simply to do a few questions, to return to the purpose and function of education. More importantly, the school is teaching and educating people, not for children. Sending wrong, harmful information."

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